The lower jaw is connected to the skull by the temporomandibular joint (TMJ). TMJ disorders are characterized by stiffness, pain or locking of the jaw, or possibly tinnitus, headaches or vertigo. TMJ can be treated at home by eating soft foods, using ice to reduce swelling, or engaging in jaw-stretching exercises. Medications and therapies can also be effective. In some instances, surgery may be needed (such as Botox injections). While it is not clear what causes TMJ, arthritis, teeth grinding, and a few other conditions contribute to it. Stress can add to the problem as well. TMJ disorders can be diagnosed through an x-ray, MRI, or CT scan.
- TMJ refers to a group of disorders related to your jaw.
- TMJ can cause facial pain, jaw mobility issues, and teeth grinding.
- TMJ can be treated with ice, jaw stretches, and medication.
“The symptoms of TMJ disorders depend on the severity and cause of your condition. The most common symptom of TMJ disorders is pain in the jaw and surrounding muscles.”